There are two baptistries in Ravenna, remarkably similar in size, shape and decoration, but differentiated by subtleties of doctrine. The older building is the Neonian Baptistry, finished by Bishop Neon as part of a great basilica somewhere around 430 AD. The basilica was destroyed in the 18th c., but though sunk 3 meters into the earth, the baptistry remains.
|The Neonian Baptistry|
|Ceiling of the Neonian Baptistry. The 12 apostles surround the|
scene of John the Baptist and Jesus.
|Neonian Baptistry detail.|
Jesus is standing in the River Jordan, which is personified at the right by a figure holding reeds and a garment.
|Arian Baptistry ceiling—and bare walls.|
|Arian Baptistry detail: John the Baptist with a beardless Jesus,|
a dove anointing with holy water, and a large figure of the River Jordan at left.
|A throne awaiting Jesus|
|Upper bands showing miracles and saints.|
|Originally, Theodoric's palace with Ravenna behind.|
|Boats in the nearby harbor of Classe|
|Jesus and two of his four angels|
|St. Martin, for whom the church was once named, leads the|
procession of 26 martyr saints.
|Some of the 22 virgin martyrs, led by...|
|The Magi following the star to...|
|Mary and Jesus|
|Theodoric's palace reworked but with leftover disembodied hands.|
|A coloration study made for restoration work at Sant'Apollinare Nuovo|